Cities - Alexandria

The principal objective of reviving the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is to es­tablish a comprehensive research library of a unique collection and inten­tion. The new library is designed as a modem state-of-art translation of the old, adequate for crossing the frontiers and meeting the challenges of the 21st. century. It will certainly contribute to excellence in research and advancement of human knowledge. The library will become a unique ad­mired research institution, a haven for scholars worldwide to produce their quality work of excellence. More Details

There is simply something very special with the name "Alexandria". It creates images of a long and exciting history, mixture of cultures, Africa meets the Mediterranean Sea, and it is all true. Yet, Alexandria tends to disappoint most of its foreign visitors. It is like there is too little evident of the history, and the fine examples of ancient remains are not up to the expectations most people. While the seafront is fabulous from a distance, many ask themselves why there are not more cafés and restaurants.

Keeping all that in mind, it is not difficult to have a fine few days in this city. You just need to put some effort into it, walk a little bit extra to find what you need because it is all there.

Egyptian boats are generally very colorful, most with an individual pattern. it may be a combination of the safety of being visible out on the sea.

and taking pride in one's boat. Some decorations are created out of superstition, like warding oneself against the evil eye.

Alexandria is unbelievably long. Most visitors walk the streets and see the sea from the western area of Manshiya, which also is the true city centre. However, east of the new library, a new row of houses appear just as long as the one of Manshiya. Moreover, it continues beyond this too. If you have a lot of time, you could walk the entire stretch, starting at Fort Qaitbey and ending at Montazah. The 20 or so kilometers should be done in 3-4 hours. On the other hand, you could hire a taxi for the ride, preferably going from Montazah, which allows you to see the beach stretches.


I found it impressive, although not many of the seafront houses looked as nice as they ought to. However, the total is great, and the road undulates along the cliffs and the several beaches. I thought to myself that I had started to understand why Egyptians are so crazy about this city.

Alexandria in late November (2004), It is chilly, windy and the waves unfriendly. In addition, this is in April (1999). This is perhaps the finest time of ten year for swimming, without the loads of tourists filling Alexandria over summer.swim, should you really want.






A glance at Alexandria
More than 2,000 years ago Alexandria was the capital and the greatest city of Egypt. Today, though it has been surpassed by Cairo in both size and importance, Alexandria is Egypt's foremost seaport and its second largest city. Roads, trains, and airlines connect it with Cairo, 223 kilometers up the Nile Delta to the southeast.

Miles of beautiful white sand along the Mediterranean coast provide the setting for this trading city and holiday resort. Summertime brings crowds of people to the beaches that stretch to the suburbs of Agami in the west and Abu Quir in the east. Clear, calm waters make Abu Quir a popular place for fishing and other water sports. Unlike most Egyptian cities, Alexandria is sometimes chilly and rainy in winter.

Education is compulsory for children aged 6 to 12. Young people may continue through technical school or university level free of charge. The state-controlled University of Alexandria was founded in 1942.
Industries produce cotton textiles, paper, chocolate, processed foods, asphalt, and petroleum. Cotton is the most valuable export.

Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos Lighthouse)
Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, only one had a practical use in addition to its architectural elegance: The Lighthouse of Alexandria. For sailors, it ensured a safe return to the Great Harbor. For architects, it meant even more: it was the tallest building on Earth. And for scientists, it was the mysterious mirror that fascinated them most.. The mirror which reflection could be seen more than 50 km (35 miles) off-shore.

Shortly after the death of Alexander the Great, his commander Ptolemy Soter assumed power in Egypt. He had witnessed the founding of Alexandria, and established his capital there. Off of the city's coast lies a small island: Pharos. Its name, legend says, is a variation of Pharaoh's Island. The island was connected to the mainland by means of a dike - the Heptastadion - which gave the city a double harbor. And because of dangerous sailing conditions and flat coastline in the region, the construction of a lighthouse was necessary.

The project was conceived and initiated by Ptolemy Soter around 290 BC, but was completed after his death, during the reign of his son Ptolemy Philadelphus. Sostratus, a contemporary of Euclid, was the architect, but detailed calculations for the structure and its accessories were carried out at the Alexandria Library/Mouseion. The monument was dedicated to the Savior Gods: Ptolemy Soter (lit. savior) and his wife Berenice. For centuries, the Lighthouse of Alexandria (occasionally referred to as the Pharos Lighthouse) was used to mark the harbor, using fire at night and reflecting sun rays during the day. It was even shown on Roman coins, just as famous monuments are depicted on currency today.

Beaches in Alexandria
In spite of miles of white sandy beaches and azure sea, Egypt's Mediterranean is still undeveloped and relatively unpopulated. There are fine beaches all along the coast from Alex to Marsa Matrouh, including the resort of Sidi Abd al Rahman, a secluded bay with clear waters and a selection of villas and hotels.

When the biting winter cold sets in, the shores of Egypt, stretching unpolluted for miles and miles, bask in the warmth of the sun that has deserted other shores to shine only here honoring, it seems, the ancient days when the sun was an Egyptian deity.
Despite the passage of the time, the sun still remains friendly to Egypt, and invites you to enjoy a winter warmth away from the bitter snowy cold, and a pleasant summer breeze far from the oppressive midday heat.
Egypt, a world renowned winter resort, has beautiful and numerous beaches. Its northern coast from Sallum to Rafah is 1181km, long; its eastern coastline, from Suez to Halayeb, is some 1085 km long; while the shores on the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba teem with the most exquisite beaches, spectacular coral reefs and large varieties of colored fish, rarely found elsewhere.
Anyone who has seen but a part, must return many times, to feast his eyes and fill his heart with these attractive images that will forever remain stamped in his memory, as if one were viewing the most exquisite paintings on earth.

There are many sandy beaches stretching from east to west of Alexandria: Ma'amura - Muntazah - Mandara - Assafra - Miami - Sidi Bishr - San Stefano - Glymonopolou - Stanley - Rushdy - Sidi Gaber - Sporting - Ibrahimia and Shatby, all of which lie along the seafront boulevard, the Cornish.

On the western perimeter lie Agami and Hannoville. Beaches in Alexandria in summer are crowded with people escaping the hot weather to enjoy a good swim. All summer holiday areas are provided with tourist amenities, services and recreation facilities and hotels.



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