All Cities - Hermopolis

Hermopolis is far from being the most zealously excavated sites of Egypt, the ruins here are to a large extent pulverized. It was once the centre for the cult of Thoth, the god of wisdom, healing and writing. Then the city was known as Khmunu, but with the Greeks it was transferred into a centre of Hermes (a god they saw resembling Thoth).

Corinthian capitals and columns at Hermopolis Magna.


The legend of Khmunu told that this was the place where the sun-god emerged from a cosmic egg. This egg was the result of the original choas, a chaos that was recognized for a certain set of characteristics. According to the myth of Hermopolis, called the Hermopolitan Ogdoad, thoth laid the cosmic egg.

Most of the ruins found in Hermopolis dates no longer back than the Middle and New Kingdom. The only decent remains are from Roman and Christian times. The Christian basilica , of which there are 24 slender columns as well as the foundations, is unique of its kind in age and size, in an Egyptian context. These were originally used in an Ptolemaic temple


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