All Cities - Illahun

Pyramid of Sesostris 2
Hermopolis is far from being the most zealously excavated sites of Egypt, the ruins here are to a large extent pulverized. It was once the centre for the cult of Thoth, the god of wisdom, healing and writing. Then the city was known as Khmunu, but with the Greeks it was transferred into a centre of Hermes (a god they saw resembling Thoth).

Sesostris 2 was a pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty and ruled for 8 years, from 1877 until 1870 BCE. For more information check the Encyclopedia of the Orient


The architect of Sesostris 2's pyramid, Anupy, introduced a new technique of building a pyramid. As a matter of fact, there was a mound here initially, upon which the structure was laid. Limestone pillars were dug into the ground, and then covered by mudbrick. This core structure was then covered by finely cut limestone.

Today the limestone casing is gone, and left is the mudbrick structure which now looks like a mountain from a distance. As this pyramid was built about 700 years after the first, Anupy knew that time was every pyramid's biggest enemy.

In order to protect the pyramid from Nile floodings, he had created a sponge trench, filled with sand and rolled flints.


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